When buying or renting a house, a house plan is a crucial tool that helps you visualize the space and layout. It provides a top view of the house, indicating room sizes, entrances, windows, and more. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the step-by-step process of drawing a house plan. From defining requirements to including amenities, you’ll gain a clear understanding of how to create a house plan that suits your needs. Let’s get started!

Step 1: Define the Requirements :

Defining the requirements is the first step in creating a house plan. Gather all the stakeholders involved and discuss their expectations for the house. Consider factors such as the number of floors, bedrooms, bathrooms, kitchen, dining hall, living room, and additional spaces like a store room, pooja room, or garage. For each room, it’s helpful to refer to standard dimensions. Here are some common room sizes:


Table: Standard Room Sizes

RoomSizeDimensions (ft)
Master BedroomLarge16 x 24
Medium14 x 20
Small12 x 14
Standard BedroomLarge14 x 16
Medium12 x 12
Small10 x 10
Living RoomLarge22 x 28
Medium16 x 20
Small12 x 18
Master BathroomLarge10 x 16
Medium8 x 12
Small6 x 9
Standard BathroomLarge8 x 12
Medium7 x 10
Small6 x 9
Standard KitchenLarge12 x 20
Medium10 x 16
Small5 x 10

Step 2: Know Your Plot :

Once you’ve defined the requirements, it’s important to assess the plot where the house will be constructed. Consider the plot’s direction, location, open sides, shape, and measurements. The plot’s shape, preferably rectangular or square, helps minimize construction costs and ensures compliance with Vastu principles. Measure the plot’s sides accurately using a tape or seek expert help. Additionally, determine the North direction using a compass. Take note of the road and nearby landmarks, as they will influence the positioning of the house’s entrance and other elements.

Step 3: Decide the Scale :

Choosing an appropriate scale is crucial for accurately proportioning the house plan. The scale represents the ratio of drawing measurements to actual measurements. A scale of 1:20 to 1:100 is generally suitable for most house plans. For example, if you choose a scale of 1:100, each centimeter on the paper will represent 100 centimeters in reality. Consider your plot size and the chosen scale to determine the dimensions of the house plan accurately.

Step 4: Mark the Plot Boundary :

Using the chosen scale, convert the field measurements of the plot into drawing measurements. Draw the plot boundary on paper, ensuring the angles between the boundary lines match the actual plot. Mark the North direction clearly, along with any roads or landmarks nearby. This step establishes the foundation for creating the house plan.


Step 5: Draw Partitions :

Next, draw the partitions that will define the internal structure of the house. Tentatively mark single-line partitions for bedrooms, living room, kitchen, dining room, bathrooms, and any other required spaces. Ensure that the plan includes all the features discussed during the requirements definition stage. Pay attention to wall thickness and room sizes, adjusting as necessary to maintain proportional spaces. Additionally, consider the placement of balconies, making sure they do not extend beyond the plot boundary.


Step 6: Include Amenities :

Now it’s time to include amenities in your house plan. Draw features such as washbasins, kitchen sinks, bathroom utilities, and other facilities you desire. Consider furniture placement and mark them accordingly. Include notations to indicate specific amenities and draw doors, windows, and ventilators as well. This step will help visualize the layout and functionality of the house.

Conclusion :

Drawing a house plan is a vital step in the process of building or buying a house. By following this step-by-step guide, you can create a detailed house plan that meets your requirements. From defining the requirements to including amenities, each step ensures clarity and accuracy in your plan. Remember, a well-designed house plan serves as a blueprint for construction, aids resource planning, and builds confidence for both buyers and sellers.


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